For Immediate Release
EASL Statement on cases of severe acute hepatitis in children of unknown causes
EASL to host live panel discussion Tuesday May 24 at 18:00 CEST
Thursday May 19, 2022 (Geneva, Switzerland) — The European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) echoes the concerns of UK and WHO Europe officials on this unusual outbreak of severe acute hepatitis in children, originally in Europe, and more recently in Asia and North America.
EASL concurs with experts that the common viruses that cause acute viral hepatitis have not been detected in these patients. It is also in agreement with other authorities that at this stage with the information we have, international travel or links to other countries, based on the currently available information, have not been identified as important factors.
Though these cases are rare events, EASL welcomes the serious consideration of this outbreak being undertaken by scientific and medical institutions and public health authorities across the affected countries and regions. The severity of the acute hepatitis in some cases that has led to hospital admission and even liver transplants is a major public health concern.
EASL itself is working on increasing awareness around the cases and is collaborating very closely with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) on investigating the l causes and characteristics of the cases and categorising them for purposes. The priority at present is to determine the cause of the illness to be better able to refine prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
EASL believes that we have not seen many deaths so far is because the health systems in the affected countries have responded very well: the children have been attended by liver units that have active liver transplantation programs. Without liver transplantation some of them would have died.
One of the leading hypotheses is that it is caused by adenovirus, which is a group of common viruses spread from person-to-person causing respiratory symptoms, vomiting and diarrhoea in children. Adenovirus can cause acute hepatitis, but it is very unusual that by itself it may have caused the severe acute hepatitis that we are seeing in these cases. There could be other factors at play as UK heath officials are suggesting and which need further investigation:
- increased susceptibility among young children following a lower level of circulation of adenovirus during the COVID-19 pandemic
- the potential emergence of a novel adenovirus
- SARS-CoV-2 co-infection
Acute hepatitis caused by the known hepatitis viruses, hepatitis B, C or E virus, can be treated with antiviral drugs. However, there is no specific treatment for acute hepatitis currently occurring in children.
EASL supports a range of measures to help protect against common viruses: parents can supervise good handwashing and encourage good respiratory hygiene, such as covering up a cough or sneeze.
The coming weeks
EASL believes that it is highly likely that we will see more case evolve in the near future and it is working to identify additional cases, both in currently affected countries and elsewhere.
XXXX MEDIA REPRESENTATIVES PLEASE NOTE XXXX
Special EASL Studio live panel discussion on unexplained acute hepatitis in children.
What: A live open access panel discussion and Q & A
When: Tuesday May 24, 18:00 CEST
Where: This virtual event will be open access here:
- Patrizia Burra, Co-chair for the EASL Lancet Liver Commission and Deputy Editor of EASL´s flagship publication, the Journal of Hepatology (JHEP), Full Professor of Gastroenterology and Head of the Multivisceral Transplantation Unit, Padua University, Italy
- Stefan Zeuzem, Professor of Medicine and Chief of the Department of Medicine I, Goethe University Hospital, Frankfurt, Germany. Co-editor of the Journal of Hepatology (JHEP).
- Philippa Easterbrook, Senior Scientist within the Global Hepatitis Programme in the HIV department at the World Health Organisation Headquarters, Switzerland
- Erika Duffell, Public health physician at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
- Hermien Hartog, Consultant adult and paediatric liver transplant surgeon, Liver Unit of University Hospitals Birmingham and Birmingham Children’s Hospital, Birmingham, UK.
Maria Buti, Chair of the Policy and Public Health Committee of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) is available for interview.
EASL media Relations
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