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2019 | Topic: Metabolism, alcohol and toxicity

Drug-Induced Liver Injury Guideline

The focus of this EASL Guideline is idiosyncratic Drug-Induced Liver Injury (DILI). However, it is important to recognise that DILI is traditionally classified as intrinsic (or direct) vs. idiosyncratic. Intrinsic DILI is typically dose-related and occurs in a large proportion of individuals exposed to the drug (predictable) and onset is within a short time span (hours to days). Idiosyncratic DILI is usually not dose-related. Although a dose threshold of 50–100 mg/day is usually required. It occurs in only a small proportion of exposed individuals (unpredictable) and exhibits a variable latency to onset of days to weeks.

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2018 | Topic: Metabolism, alcohol and toxicity

Management of Alcohol-Related Liver Disease

The harmful use of alcohol has been estimated to cause approximately 3.3 million deaths every year. Most importantly, this corresponds to nearly 6% of all deaths globally. Therefore, the effective treatment and Management of Alcohol-Related Liver Disease is a pertinent public health issue.  In conclusion, the following  EASL Clinical Practice Guideline reviews and provides the latest data on the treatment and Management of Alcohol-Related Liver Disease and updates recommendations for clinical management.

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2018 | Topic: Liver tumours

Hepatocellular Carcinoma Guideline

Liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer and the second most frequent cause of cancer-related death globally. Hepato-cellular carcinoma represents about 90% of primary liver cancers and constitutes a major global health problem. The following Clinical Practice Guidelines will give up-to-date advice for the clinical management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as providing an in-depth review of all the relevant data leading to the conclusions herein.

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2018 | Topic: Viral hepatitis

Hepatitis E Virus Infection Guideline

Hepatitis E Virus Infection (HEV) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, representing an important global health problem. Our understanding of HEV has changed completely over the past decade. Previously, the common thought was that HEV was limited to certain developing countries. We now know that HEV is endemic in most high-income countries and is largely a zoonotic infection. The focus of this Clinical Practice Guideline will be on HEV genotype 3 (and 4). This is due to the paradigm shift in our understanding of zoonotic HEV.  And also because locally acquired HEV is now the commonest cause of acute viral hepatitis in many European countries.

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2018 | Topic: Viral hepatitis

EASL Treatment of Hepatitis C – 2018

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of chronic liver disease. As a result, worldwide there are approximately 71 million chronically infected individuals. Clinical care for patients with HCV-related liver disease is advancing considerably. Most importantly thanks to an enhanced understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease. And also because of developments in diagnostic procedures and improvements in therapy and prevention. EASL Recommendations on Treatment of Hepatitis C describe the optimal management of patients with acute and chronic HCV infections in 2018 and onwards.

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2018 | Topic: Cirrhosis and complications

Management of Decompensated Cirrhosis

EASL Guideline on Management of Decompensated Cirrhosis. The natural history of cirrhosis is characterized by an asymptomatic compensated phase followed by a decompensated phase, marked by the development of overt clinical signs, the most frequent of which are ascites, bleeding, encephalopathy, and jaundice. The following Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) represent the first Guideline on the Management of Decompensated Cirrhosis.

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2018 | Topic: Cirrhosis and complications - General hepatology

EASL Guideline Nutrition in Chronic Liver Disease

These EASL Guidelines for Clinical Practice review the present knowledge in the field of Nutrition in Chronic Liver Disease and promote further research on this topic. Screening, assessment and principles of nutritional management are examined, with recommendations provided in specific settings such as hepatic encephalopathy, cirrhotic patients with bone disease, patients undergoing liver surgery or transplantation and critically ill cirrhotic patients.

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2017 | Topic: Viral hepatitis

EASL Guidelines Hepatitis B

EASL Guideline on Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a global public health problem with changing epidemiology due to several factors including vaccination policies and migration. This EASL Clinical Practice Guideline presents updated recommendations for the optimal management of HBV infection. Chronic HBV infection can be classified into five phases: (I) HBeAg-positive chronic infection, (II) HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis, (III) HBeAg-negative chronic infection, (IV) HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis and (V) HBsAg-negative phase.

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2017 | Topic: Cholestasis and autoimmune

Role of Endoscopy in Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

This guideline is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) and of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) on primary sclerosing cholangitis. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system was adopted to define the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence.

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2017 | Topic: General hepatology

Acute Liver Failure Guidelines

The term acute liver failure (ALF) is frequently applied as a generic expression to describe patients presenting with or developing an acute episode of liver dysfunction. In the context of hepatological practice, however, ALF refers to a highly specific and rare syndrome. This means an acute abnormality of liver blood tests in an individual without underlying chronic liver disease. The disease process is associated with development of a coagulopathy of liver aetiology, and clinically apparent altered level of consciousness due to hepatic encephalopathy. Several important measures are immediately necessary when the patient presents for medical attention. These, as well as additional clinical procedures will be the subject of the Acute Liver Failure Guidelines.

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Discover more information on EASL Guidelines on the website of The Journal of Hepatology. Also, read the latest EASL news.

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